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abdul hamid ii was born at the topkap palace in istanbul constantinople the capital of the ottoman empire on 21 september 1842he was the son of sultan abdulmejid and tirimjgan kadnefendi circassia 16 august 1819 beylerbeyi palace 2 november 1853 originally named virjin after the death of his mother he later became the adoptive son of his fathers wife valide sultan